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Disease Name: Hantavirus


Quick Links

Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.

Preventing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS): http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/hps/prevention.html


Overview / Case Definition

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), is an acute febrile illness (i.e., temperature greater than 101.0 F [greater than 38.3 C]) with a prodrome consisting of fever, chills, myalgia, headache, and gastrointestinal symptoms, and one or more of the following clinical features: bilateral diffuse interstitial edema, or:

Non-HPS Hantavirus infection is a febrile illness with non-specific viral symptoms including fever, chills, myalgia, headache, and gastrointestinal symptoms, but no cardio-pulmonary symptoms. Typical clinical laboratory findings include hemoconcentration, left shift in the white blood cell count, neutrophilic leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, and circulating immunoblasts. Patients that develop cardio-pulmonary symptoms should be classified as having HPS, significant condition contributing to death.

CDC HPS clinical information: http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/technical/hps/index.html


Restrictions

None


Reporting

1 day

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable: Yes

Reporting Timeframe: 1 day



Diagnosis / Testing

Idaho Bureau of Laboratories perform serology testing only.  They will test for hantavirus-specific IgM and hantavirus-specific IgG.  Testing for hantavirus-specific RNA by PCR or hantavirus antigen by immunohistochemistry in lung biopsy or autopsy tissues may be requested from CDC laboratories. 

Contact the IBL at (208) 334-2235 for authorization.  If testing at the CDC laboratories is needed, samples must submitted through the IBL.


Treatment

http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/technical/hps/treatment.html


Additional Information

Preventing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS): http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/hps/prevention.html


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