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Disease Name: Leprosy

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Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.

Overview / Case Definition

A chronic bacterial disease characterized by the involvement primarily of skin as well as peripheral nerves and the mucosa of the upper airway. Clinical forms of Hansen's disease represent a spectrum reflecting the cellular immune response to Mycobacterium leprae. The following characteristics are typical of the major forms of the disease, though these classifications are assigned after a case has been laboratory confirmed:


Restrictions-Examination of Contacts

All household members or close contacts of a new case must be examined by a licensed physician for signs of leprosy. Household members and close contacts and persons in remission must be registered with the Department of Health & Welfare and undergo periodic medical examinations every six (6) to twelve (12) months for five (5) years.


Within 3 working days

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: Within 3 working days

Diagnosis / Testing

Biopsy specimens may be referred to the National Hansen’s Disease Program: http://www.hrsa.gov/hansensdisease/diagnosis/biopsy.html


Consultations are provided by the National Hansen’s Disease Program.  Call (800) 642-2477 weekdays 9am to 5:30pm Eastern Time for an appointment or to speak with a Hansen’s Disease specialist. 

Antibiotics for leprosy treatment can be shipped to physicians at no cost to patients.  http://www.hrsa.gov/hansensdisease/clinicalcenter.html

Additional Information

Click to Call South Central Public Health District

Click to Call the Idaho State Epidemiologist

Click to Call Idaho State Communications