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Disease Name: Brucellosis


Quick Links

Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.

www.cdc.gov/brucellosis


Overview / Case Definition

An illness characterized by acute or insidious onset of fever and one or more of the following: night sweats, arthralgia, headache, fatigue, anorexia, myalgia, weight loss, arthritis/spondylitis, meningitis, or focal organ involvement (endocarditis, orchitis/epididymitis, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly).

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by the Brucella bacterium.

People can get the disease when they are in contact with infected animals or animal products contaminated with the bacteria. Animals that are most commonly infected include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs, among others.

It is transmissible to humans by direct or indirect exposure to aborted fetuses or tissues or fluids of infected animals. Transmission occurs by inoculation through mucous membranes or cuts and abrasions in the skin, inhalation of contaminated aerosols, or ingestion of undercooked meat or unpasteurized dairy products.


Restrictions

None


Reporting

1 working day

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: 1 working day



Diagnosis / Testing

Laboratory criteria for diagnosis

 


Treatment

Generally, the antibiotics doxycycline and rifampin are recommended in combination for a minimum of 6-8 weeks.


Additional Information

www.cdc.gov/brucellosis


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