1020 Washington St N       Twin Falls ID 83301-3156       (208) 737-5900       Toll Free: (866) 710-9775

Login or Register for the Idaho Health Alert Network

Region 5 Public Information Hotline 866-450-3594

Ebola: Information for U.S. Healthcare Workers and Settings

Mobile Website Preview

Printer Friendly    Provide Feedback

Disease Name: Brucellosis

Quick Links

Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.


Overview / Case Definition

An illness characterized by acute or insidious onset of fever and one or more of the following: night sweats, arthralgia, headache, fatigue, anorexia, myalgia, weight loss, arthritis/spondylitis, meningitis, or focal organ involvement (endocarditis, orchitis/epididymitis, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly).

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by the Brucella bacterium.

People can get the disease when they are in contact with infected animals or animal products contaminated with the bacteria. Animals that are most commonly infected include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs, among others.

It is transmissible to humans by direct or indirect exposure to aborted fetuses or tissues or fluids of infected animals. Transmission occurs by inoculation through mucous membranes or cuts and abrasions in the skin, inhalation of contaminated aerosols, or ingestion of undercooked meat or unpasteurized dairy products.




1 working day

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: 1 working day

Diagnosis / Testing

Laboratory criteria for diagnosis



Generally, the antibiotics doxycycline and rifampin are recommended in combination for a minimum of 6-8 weeks.

Additional Information


Click to Call South Central Public Health District

Click to Call the Idaho State Epidemiologist

Click to Call Idaho State Communications