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Ebola: Information for U.S. Healthcare Workers and Settings

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Disease Name: SARS


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Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015) Red Book:  2015 Report of the Committee of Infectious Diseases (30th ed.). Elk Grove Village, IL.


Overview / Case Definition

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus, called SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV).

In general, SARS begins with a high fever (temperature greater than 100.4°F [>38.0°C]). Other symptoms may include headache, an overall feeling of discomfort, and body aches. Some people also have mild respiratory symptoms at the outset. About 10 percent to 20 percent of patients have diarrhea. After 2 to 7 days, SARS patients may develop a dry cough. Most patients develop pneumonia.

The main way that SARS seems to spread is by close person-to-person contact. The virus that causes SARS is thought to be transmitted most readily by respiratory droplets (droplet spread) produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Droplet spread can happen when droplets from the cough or sneeze of an infected person are propelled a short distance (generally up to 3 feet) through the air and deposited on the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, or eyes of persons who are nearby. The virus also can spread when a person touches a surface or object contaminated with infectious droplets and then touches his or her mouth, nose, or eye(s). In addition, it is possible that the SARS virus might spread more broadly through the air (airborne spread) or by other ways that are not now known.


Restrictions

None


Reporting

Within 1 working day

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable: Yes

Reporting Timeframe: Within 1 working day



Diagnosis / Testing

Detection of serum antibody to SARS-CoV by a test validated by CDC (e.g., enzyme immunoassay), OR

Isolation in cell culture of SARS-CoV from a clinical specimen, OR

Detection of SARS-CoV RNA by a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test validated by CDC and with subsequent confirmation in a reference laboratory.


Treatment


Additional Information

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015) Red Book:  2015 Report of the Committee of Infectious Diseases (30th ed.). Elk Grove Village, IL.


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