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Disease Name: Campylobacter


Quick Links

Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.

CDC Information: http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/diseases/campylobacter/index.html

Idaho Food Code (direct link):  http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Health/FoodProtection/IdahoFoodCode/tabid/765/Default.aspx


Overview / Case Definition

Campylobacteriosis is a bacterial illness that generally causes a self-limited clinical illness typically characterized by diarrhea (frequently with bloody stools), abdominal cramps, malaise, fever, nausea, and vomiting; asymptomatic infection also occurs frequently. Campylobacter infection is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, usually through ingestion of contaminated food or water or through direct contact with infected animals. Person-to-person transmission is uncommon.

Isolation of Campylobacter spp. from a clinical specimen for a confirmed case and detection of Campylobacter spp. in a clinical specimen using a culture independent diagnostic test (CIDT) for a probable case.


Restrictions

Daycare Facility

A person excreting Campylobacter must not provide personal care in a daycare and a fecally incontinent person excreting Campylobacter must not attend a daycare facility unless an exemption is obtained from the Department or Health District.

Before returning to work or daycare, the person must provide at least two (2) successive approved fecal specimens, collected at least twenty-four (24) hours apart that fail to show Campylobacter upon testing by a licensed laboratory.

Food Service Facility

A symptomatic person excreting Campylobacter is restricted from working as a food employee according to the Idaho Food Code.

Health Care Facility

A person excreting Campylobacter must not provide personal care to persons in a health care facility unless an exemption is obtained from the Department or Health District.

Before returning to work, the person must provide at least two (2) successive approved fecal specimens, collected at least twenty-four (24) hours apart, that fail to show Campylobacter upon testing by a licensed laboratory.


Reporting

Within 3 working days

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: Within 3 working days



Diagnosis / Testing

Culture by PCR or EIA

The Idaho Bureau of Laboratories (IBL) has the ability to compare isolated suspected to be part of an outbreak using Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE).


Treatment


Additional Information

CDC Information: http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/diseases/campylobacter/index.html

Idaho Food Code (direct link):  http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Health/FoodProtection/IdahoFoodCode/tabid/765/Default.aspx


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