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Disease Name: Tetanus


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Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.


Overview / Case Definition

Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria called Clostridium tetani. When the bacteria invade the body, they produce a poison (toxin) that causes painful muscle contractions. Another name for tetanus is "lockjaw" because it often causes a person's neck and jaw muscles to lock, making it hard to open the mouth or swallow. Vaccines are recommended for infants, children, teens and adults to prevent tetanus

Tetanus is different from other vaccine-preventable diseases because it does not spread from person to person. The bacteria are usually found in soil, dust and manure and enter the body through breaks in the skin - usually cuts or puncture wounds caused by contaminated objects.


Restrictions

None


Reporting

Within 3 working days

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: Within 3 working days



Diagnosis / Testing

There are no current hospital lab tests that can confirm tetanus.


Treatment

Human Tetanus Immune Globulin given in a single dose is recommended for treatment; however the optimal therapeutic dose has not been established. Available preparations must be given intramuscularly, and infiltration of part of the dose locally around the wound is recommended.

Active immunization against tetanus always should be undertaken during convalescence from tetanus. Tetanus disease may not result in immunity.


Additional Information


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