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Disease Name: Toxic Shock Syndrome


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Please review the Idaho Reportable Disease Rules (IDAPA 16.02.10) for the most up-to-date information.


Overview / Case Definition

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, life-threatening complication of certain types of bacterial infections. Often toxic shock syndrome results from toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria, but the condition may also be caused by toxins produced by group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria.

Toxic shock syndrome historically has been associated primarily with the use of superabsorbent tampons. However, since manufacturers pulled certain types of tampons off the market, the incidence of toxic shock syndrome in menstruating women has declined.

Toxic shock syndrome can affect men, children and postmenopausal women. Risk factors for toxic shock syndrome include skin wounds and surgery.

Possible signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome include:


Restrictions

None


Reporting

Within 3 working days

Reportable by Healthcare and Labs:

Reportable by Food Service Facility:

Suspect Reportable:

Reporting Timeframe: Within 3 working days



Diagnosis / Testing

Blood and urine samples to test for the presence of a staph or strep infection. Vagina, cervix and throat may be swabbed for samples for laboratory analysis.

Doctor may order other tests, such as a CT scan, lumbar puncture or chest X-ray, to assess the extent of your illness.


Treatment


Additional Information


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